Every PhD student is required to follow courses for a total of 18 CFUs, 6 of which must be for soft and complementary skills. Students are warmly encouraged to accumulate 12 CFUs in the first year and 6 CFUs in the second. The LENS PhD school organises four courses, 3 CFU each. It is mandatory for all students to attend: (1) one module of Imaging and microscopy, (2) Spectroscopy, (3) Light-matter interaction, and (4) Science communication (preferably during the first year). Other courses can be chosen among those organised by the Department of Physics and Chemistry.

According to the definition adopted by the University of Florence, one CFU corresponds to 25 hours of total work, including both frontal lectures and individual study. With the advancement of the student's education, the weight shifts toward individual study so that, at the graduate level, one CFU is assigned for four hours of frontal lectures and 21 hours of individual study.

Download here the UniFI offer for soft skill course.

By December of the first year, every student shall submit their study plan with the courses chosen for the three years. Each study plan shall undergo the approval of the Teaching Committee, after hearing the student’s Tutor.

At the end of each course, the students shall pass an examination; modalities of the examination will be agreed by the Teaching Committee and by the course teacher(s).


Due to the corona virus epidemic, calendars are not valid anymore. They are displayed only to indicate the planned content of the courses. 

Courses at LENS in 2021

Microscopy and Imaging (advanced) (3 CFU), R. Cicchi

Date and place to be announced


Advanced microscopies 1 (TIRFM, FLIM, CARS, SHG) (R. Cicchi) - martedì 18 Maggio ore 14:30-16:30

Advanced microscopies 2 (light sheet, super-resolution) (L. Silvestri) - martedì 25 Maggio ore 14:30-16:30

Single molecule techniques (imaging, localization, manipulation) (M. Capitanio) - venerdì 4 Giugno ore 14:30-16:30

Functional imaging e photostimulation (F. Vanzi) - Lunedì 7 Giugno 9:30-11:30

Cold atoms imaging techniques (A. Burchianti) - Martedì 15 Giugno ore 14:30-16:30

Spectroscopy (3 CFU), P. Foggi and A. Lapini

Email Paolo Foggi to enrol.

Last week of May: 4 hours. Very basic introduction for non physicists.

June-July: 12 hours. Basics, symmetry, linear spectroscopic techniques.

July: Advanced spectroscopic techniques (A. Lapini).


Science communication* (3 CFU), G. Santambrogio and C. Sias

Beginning on April 12th. Email G. Santambrogio to enrol. All instructions in Google Classroom.


Python for Data Analysis (3 CFU), G. Mazzamuto and A. Scaglione

The class will cover some basic data analysis using python and is intended for people who have little or no experience with the python programming language. The class will begin on April 6th. To enroll email A. Scaglione (scaglione_AT_lens.unifi.it). Syllabus



Courses at LENS in 2022

Microscopy and Imaging (basics) (3 CFU), R. Cicchi
Light-matter interaction (3 CFU), A. Zavatta
Science communication* (3 CFU), G. Santambrogio and C. Sias



*Course valid for “soft and complementary skills”